Buy the books at:

The amazon logo on a black background.The logo for routeedge. Barnes & noble logo.

Volume 2 Chapter 2

Symbols of Freudian and Relational Psychoanalysis

The First Force in Psychology

Recent brain scans have shed light on how the brain simulates the future. These simulations are done mainly in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the CEO of the brain, using memories of the past… There is a struggle between different parts of the brain concerning the future, which may have desirable and undesirable outcomes. Ultimately it is the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex that mediates between these and makes the final decisions. Some neurologists have pointed out that this struggle resembles… the dynamics between Freud’s ego, id and superego.
Michio Kaku

This chapter will focus on the two major psychoanalytic schools of thought: Freudian and relational psychoanalysis. Relational psychoanalysis expands the Freudian view of a libidinal-driven unconscious to an unconscious that seeks emotional attachment to satisfying interpersonal relationships.

Psychology stands on the symbolic shoulders of Sigmund Freud. His ideas permeate all Four Forces of Psychology. His contribution to the understanding of human behavior has rarely been matched. Because of Freud, psychology developed personality and developmental theories, studied the role of sexuality and aggression, and most importantly explored the world of the unconscious. For clinical psychologists Freud laid the foundation, with the concepts of transference and countertransference, of what constitutes effective psychotherapeutic treatment.

Freud was not the end but the beginning of psychoanalysis. By the 1980s there was a paradigm shift to a post-Freudian world toward a focus on emotional attachment. This led to a reassessment of attachment in early childhood. Revised were many of the sacred psychoanalytic beliefs, especially the role of sexuality and aggression in human development. Influenced by object-relations, childhood attachment, interpersonal relationships, intersubjectivity, and feminism, relational psychoanalysts took Freudian psychology in a new direction.

Chapter Symbols

A diagram of psychology.

Fig 2.1 – Four Forces of Psychology

symbol Info
A red hammer and sickle with a man holding a hammer and a woman.

Fig 2.2 – Communism

symbol Info
A man with a wolf face.

Fig 2.3 – Freudian Nihilism

symbol Info
A cartoon of a man walking on a pile of coins.

Fig 2.4 – Industrial Revolution

symbol Info
A woman in a blue dress with eyes and spiral design.

Fig 2.5 – Mesmerism

symbol Info
A man with his eyes closed.

Fig 2.6 – Drive Theory

symbol Info
A woman with red hair and a glass window.

Fig 2.7 – The Id

symbol Info
A woman sleeping in the moonlight.

Fig 2.8 – Hypnos Myth

symbol Info
A woman lying on a bed with a uterus above her head.

Fig 2.9 – Hysteria

symbol Info
A black and white photo of a woman kissing a boy.

Fig 2.10 – Oedipal Complex

symbol Info
A woman holding a baby and laughing.

Fig 2.11 – Supergo

symbol Info
A woman looking at a skull.

Fig 2.12 – Eros and Thanatos

symbol Info
A woman with a fiery face.

Fig 2.13 – Atomic Bomb

symbol Info
A man with a face on a couch.

Fig 2.14 – Free Association

symbol Info
A man with eyes closed and a snake on a bed.

Fig 2.15 – Dream Interpretation

symbol Info
A man with his arms crossed.

Fig 2.16 – Anatomy as Destiny

symbol Info
A child with a hat and baby's faces on her forehead.

Fig 2.17- Object-Relations

symbol Info
A black and white photo of a baby kissing a woman's face.

Fig 2.18 – Breast Envy

symbol Info
A man holding his belly with a map on it.

Fig 2.19 – Womb Envy

symbol Info
A drawing of two babies sitting on chairs.

Fig 2.20 – “Therapeutic Womb”

symbol Info
A man's face with yellow flowers on water.

Fig 2.21 – Narcissism

symbol Info
A woman holding a cell phone with a baby and a man's face.

Fig 2.22- Empathic Immersion

symbol Info
A man with wings and a sword.

Fig 2.23 – Traumatized Self

symbol Info
A woman looking at a mirror.

Fig 2.24 – Symbolic Self

symbol Info
A woman with a red and yellow background.

Fig 2.25 – Transcend Gender

symbol Info
A building with a large ornate structure.

Fig 2.26-Unconscious Education

symbol Info

Leave the first comment