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Fig 4.15 – The Five Pillars

Text: Page 146 and 147

The Dome of the Rock is where Muslims experience the place where Mohmmad ascended into heaven. Although it is not an active mosque, the Dome of the Rock is an important symbol of the Muslim faith, completed in 692 CE, located at the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. For Muslims, it is where Mohammad, pulled by winged horses and accompanied by the archangel Gabriel, ascended into heaven. The rock from where Mohammed ascended remains in the Dome.

The meaning of the symbol is open to speculation. The golden color represents the green dome over the tomb of Muhammad in Medina, Saudi Arabia. The crescent moon is often seen as symbolic of a mosque. By others, it is seen as a symbol of the power and influence of the Islamic faith from one end of the earth to the other. The five points on the star are believed to symbolize the Five Pillars of Islam: fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, generosity toward the poor, testimony that Allah is the only God, and the Five daily Canonical Prayers.

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